Learning Objective Review Questions for each unit.
The following questions are to be answered typed in paragraph format and in your OWN WORDS. You should copy the question (be sure to put the questions in quotes "like this" otherwise your similarity index percentage could be affected). Each answer should include about 5-6 sentences including specific examples that support your answer. Students must work on this assignment individually and answers must be IN YOUR OWN WORDS! Turn in your answers online to www.turnitin.com. The maximum similarity percentage allowed is 40%. You may need to use resources beyond your textbooks to fully answer each question.
UNIT 1 - CHAPTERS 1 and 2
- "Explain why there were so many diverse human societies in the Americas before Europeans arrived?"
- "Summarize the major developments in Europe that enabled the Age of Exploration."
- "Describe how the Spanish were able to conquer and colonize the Americas."
- "Assess the impact of the Columbian Exchange between the “Old” and “New” Worlds."
- "Analyze the legacy of the Spanish form of colonization on North American history."
- "Identify the economic, religious, and political motivations for the establishment of England’s diverse American colonies."
- "Describe the political, economic, social, and religious characteristics of English colonies in the Chesapeake region, the Carolinas, the Middle Colonies, and New England prior to 1700."
- "Analyze the ways by which English colonists and Native Americans adapted to each other’s presence."
- "Analyze the role of indentured servants and the development of slavery in colonial America."
- "Explain how the English colonies became the most populous, prosperous, and powerful region in North America by 1700."
UNIT 2 - CHAPTERS 3 and 4
- "Explain the major factors that contributed to the demographic changes that took place in the English colonies during the eighteenth century."
- "Describe women's various roles in the English colonies."
- "Compare the societies and economies of the Southern, Middle, and New England colonies."
- "Describe the creation of race-based slavery during the 17th century and its impact on the social and economic development of colonial America."
- "Analyze the impact of the Enlightenment and Great Awakening on American thought."
- "Compare how the British and French Empires administered their colonies before 1763."
- "Analyze the effects of the French and Indian War and how the war changed relations among the European powers in North America."
- "Describe how, after the French and Indian war in the 1760s, the British tried to strengthen their control over the colonies and then summarize the colonial responses."
- "Explain the underlying factors amid the events in the 1770s that led the colonies to declare their independence from Britain."
UNIT 3 - CHAPTERS 5 and 6
- Explain the challenges faced by both British and American military leaders in fighting the Revolutionary War.
- Identify key turning points in the Revolutionary War, and explain how they changed the direction of the war.
- Describe the ways in which the American Revolution was also a civil war.
- Examine how the Revolutionary War was a “engine” for political and social change.
- Compare the impact of the Revolutionary War on African Americans, women, and Native Americans.
- Identify the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and explain how they contributed to the creation of a new U.S. Constitution in 1787.
- Describe the political innovations that the 1787 Constitutional Convention developed for the new nation.
- Summarize the major debates surrounding the ratification of the Constitution and how they were resolved.
- Compare the Federalists’ vision for the United States with that of the Republican opponents during the 1790s.
- Explain how attitudes toward Great Britain and France shaped American politics in the late 18th century.
UNIT 4 - CHAPTERS 7 and 8
- Summarize the major domestic political developments that took place during Thomas Jefferson’s administration.
- Describe how foreign events impacted the United States during the Jefferson and Madison administrations.
- Explain the primary causes of the American decision to declare war on Great Britain in 1812.
- Analyze the most significant outcomes of the War of 1812 on the United States.
- Describe how changes in transportation and communications altered the economic landscape during the first half of the nineteenth century.
- Explain the impact of the industrial Revolution on the way people worked and lived.
- Analyze how immigration altered the nation’s population and shaped its politics.
- Evaluate the impact of the expanding capitalist “market economy” on workers, professionals, and women.
UNIT 5 - CHAPTERS 9 and 10
- Analyze how the new spirit of nationalism that emerged after the War of 1812 affected economic policies and judicial decisions.
- Summarize the issues and ideas that promoted sectional conflict during this era.
- Explain the emergence of the Era of Good Feelings and the factors that led to its demise.
- Identify the federal government’s diplomatic accomplishments during this era, and analyze their impact.
- Evaluate the influence of Andrew Jackson on national politics in the 1820s and the developments that enabled him to become president.
- Describe Andrew Jackson’s major beliefs regarding the common man, the presidency, and the proper role of government in the nation’s economy.
- Evaluate Jackson’s response to the nullification crisis.
- Analyze Andrew Jackson’s legacy regarding the status of Indians in American society.
- Explain the causes of the economic depression of the late 1830s and the emergence of the Whig party.
- Assess the strengths and weaknesses of Jackson’s transformational presidency.
UNIT 6 - CHAPTERS 11 and 12
- Explain the various factors that made the South distinct from the rest of the United States during the early 19th century.
- Discuss the role that cotton production and slavery played in the South’s economic and social development.
- Distinguish among the major groups within southern white society and explain why each group was committed to the continuation and expansion of slavery.
- Describe the impact of slavery on African Americans, both free and enslaved, throughout the South.
- Analyze how enslaved peoples responded to the inhumanity of their situation.
- Describe the major changes in the practice of religion in America in the early 19th century, and analyze their impact.
- Examine the emergence of transcendentalism in American culture in the early 19th century.
- Explain the origins of the major social reform movements in the early 19th century, and analyze their influence on American society and politics.
- Analyze the impact on American society and politics of the emergence of the anti-slavery movement.
UNIT 7 - CHAPTERS 13 through 15
- Explain how, why, and where Americans moved west of the Mississippi River during the 1830s and 1840s.
- Examine the impact of the Mexican-American War on national politics.
- Describe how the federal government tried to resolve the issue of slavery in the western territories during the 1850s.
- Analyze what appealed to northern voters about the Republican party and how that led to Abraham Lincoln’s victory in the 1860 presidential contest.
- Explain why seven southern states seceded from the Union shortly after Lincoln’s election in 1860.
- Identify the respective advantages of the North and South and explain how they affected the military strategies of the Union and the Confederacy.
- Evaluate Lincoln’s decision to issue the Emancipation Proclamation and its impact on the war.
- Analyze how the war affected social and economic life in the North and South.
- Describe the military turning points in 1863 and 1864 that ultimately led to the Confederacy’s defeat.
- Explain how the Civil War changed the nation.
- Identify the federal government’s major challenges in reconstructing the South after the Civil War during the period from 1865 to 1877.
- Describe how and why Reconstruction policies changed over time.
- Assess the attitudes of white and black southerners toward Reconstruction.
- Analyze the political and economic factors that helped lead to the end of Reconstruction in 1877.
- Explain the impact of Reconstruction on the nation’s future.
UNIT 8 - CHAPTERS 16 and 17 - The Gilded Age Industry, the New South and the Great West
- Explain the primary factors that stimulated unprecedented industrial and agricultural growth in the late 19th century.
- Describe the entrepreneurs who pioneered the growth of Big Business, the goals they aimed to achieve, and the strategies they used to dominate their industries.
- Evaluate the role of the federal government in the nation’s economic development during this period.
- Analyze the ways in which the social class structure and the lives of women changed in the late 19th century.
- Evaluate the efforts of workers to organize unions to promote their interests during this era.
- Analyze the ways in which a “New South” emerged economically in the late 19th century.
- Describe the crop-lien system that emerged in the South and explain how it shaped the region after the Civil War.
- Explain how and why white southerners took away African Americans’ rights to vote and adopted “Jim Crow” segregation laws at the end of the 19th century.
- Identify the various groups of migrants to the West after the Civil War and the reasons they went there.
- Describe the experience of miners, farmers, ranchers, and women in the West in the late 19th century.
- Evaluate the impact on Native Americans of the federal government’s policies in the West after the Civil War.
- Describe how the South and the West had changed by 1900.
UNIT 9 - CHAPTERS 18-19 - The Gilded Age (Cities & Politics) and Imperialism
- Describe the effects of urban growth during the Gilded Age, including the problems it created.
- Describe the “new immigrants” of the late 19th century and how they were viewed by American society.
- Explain how urban growth and the increasingly important role of science influenced leisure activities, cultural life, and social policy in the Gilded Age.
- Assess how the nature of politics during the Gilded Age contributed to political corruption and stalemate.
- Evaluate the effectiveness of politicians in developing responses to the major economic and social problems of the Gilded Age.
- Analyze why the money supply became a major political issue during the Gilded Age and describe its impact on American politics.
- Describe the factors that motivated America's new imperialism after the Civil War.
- Explain why and how America expanded its influence in the Pacific before the Spanish-American War (War of 1898).
- Explain the causes of the Spanish-American War (War of 1898), and describe its major events.
- Analyze the consequences of the Spanish-American War (War of 1898) for American foreign policy.
- Describe the reasons for Theodore Roosevelt's rapid rise to the presidency, and evaluate the main elements of his foreign policies.
UNIT 10 - CHAPTERS 20-21 - The Progressive Era and World War I
- Explain the varied motives of progressive reformers.
- Explain the various sources of thought and activism that contributed to the progressive movement.
- Identify the specific goals of progressive reformers and the ways that they advanced these public goals.
- Describe the contributions of Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft to the progressive movement, and explain how and why the two men came to disagree.
- Describe the progressive policies of President Woodrow Wilson, and explain why and how they differed from those of Presidents Roosevelt and Taft.
- Describe the outbreak of the Great War and the distinctive nature of the fighting on the Western Front, and explain why the United States was drawn into the war.
- Explain how the Wilson administration mobilized the home front, and explain how mobilization efforts shaped American society.
- Describe the major events of the war after U.S. entry and explain the U.S. contribution to the defeat of the Central Powers.
- Evaluate Wilson’s efforts to promote his plans for a peaceful world order as outlined in his Fourteen Points.
- Analyze the consequences of the war at home and abroad.
Unit 11 - Chapters 22-23 - The 1920s and 1930s
- Describe the consumer culture that emerged in America during the 1920s, and explain the factors that contributed to its growth.
- Describe other major new social and cultural trends and movements that became prominent during the twenties, and explain how they challenged traditional standards and customs.
- Explain what modernism means in intellectual and artistic terms and how the modernist movement influenced American culture in the early 20th century.
- Identify important examples of reactionary conservatism in the decade, and analyze their impact on government policies.
- Trace the Republican party’s dominance of the federal government during the twenties, and analyze the extent to which its policies were a rejection of progressivism.
- Identify the major causes of the Great Depression.
- Describe the impact of the Great Depression on the American people.
- Explain the response of the Hoover administration to the Great Depression.
- Assess the goals and accomplishments of the early New Deal.
- Analyze the major criticisms of the early New Deal.
- Evaluate the ways the New Deal evolved and how it transformed the role of federal government.
Unit 12 - Chapter 24 - The World War II Era
- Assess how German and Japanese actions led to the outbreak of war in Europe and in Asia.
- Evaluate how President Roosevelt and Congress responded to the outbreak of wars in Europe and Asia between 1933 and 1941.
- Analyze the effects of the Second World War on American society.
- Explain the major factors that enabled the United States and its allies to win the war in Europe.
- Describe how the Japanese were defeated in the war in the Pacific.
- Evaluate the efforts of President Roosevelt and the Allies to shape the postwar world.
Unit 13 - Chapters 25-26 - The Post War 40s and 50s
- Explain why and how the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union developed after the Second World War.
- Analyze the impact of American efforts to contain the Soviet Union and the expansion of communism during Truman’s presidency.
- Describe Truman’s efforts to expand the New Deal, and evaluate the effectiveness of his own “Fair Deal” agenda.
- Assess the major international developments during 1949–1950, including the outbreak of the Korean War, and explain how they altered U.S. foreign policy.
- Examine the emergence of the Red Scare after the Second World War, and explain its impact on American politics and society.
- Explain President Eisenhower’s political philosophy and priorities.
- Identify the factors that contributed to postwar prosperity, and analyze to what extent all Americans benefited from it.
- Examine the criticism of postwar American society and culture, and describe the various forms of dissent and anxiety.
- Evaluate the goals, strategies, and impact of the civil rights movement that emerged in the 1950s.
- Assess President Eisenhower’s priorities in conducting the nation’s foreign policy and his influence in global affairs.
Unit 14 - Chapters 27-28 - The Turbulent 60s and 70s
- Assess President John F. Kennedy’s efforts to contain communism abroad and pursue civil rights and other social programs at home.
- Describe the strategies and achievements of the civil rights movement in the 1960s, and explain the divisions that emerged among activists during the decade.
- Analyze Lyndon B. Johnson’s War on Poverty and Great Society initiatives, and evaluate their impact on American society.
- Explain Presidents Kennedy and Johnson’s motivations for deepening America’s military involvement in the Vietnam War, and appraise their efforts to preserve a non-communist South Vietnam.
- Examine the presidential election of 1968 and explain the issues that propelled Richard Nixon to victory.
- Analyze the origins of the youth revolt and compare the responses of the New Left and the counterculture.
- Assess the influence of the youth revolt and the early civil rights movement on other protest movements and how new protest movements affected social attitudes and public policy.
- Analyze how Richard Nixon’s election strategy and domestic policies were affected by the political environment of the late sixties.
- Analyze how and why Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger changed military and political strategies to end America’s involvement in the Vietnam War.
- Examine the world order that evolved after the Vietnam War from Richard Nixon’s and Henry Kissinger’s diplomacy and foreign policies.
- Explain how the Watergate scandal unfolded, and assess its political significance.
Unit 15 - Chapters 29-30 - The Conservatism and the Modern Era
**If you have the 2nd edition of the textbook please let Mrs. DeLay know before beginning this unit's objectives. You will need some additional pages copied for you in order to complete the questions for Chapter 30.
- Analyze why Jimmy Carter had such limited success as America’s 39th president.
- Identify the factors that led to the election of Ronald Reagan, the rise of the conservative movements, and the resurgence of the Republican party.
- Define Reaganomics and evaluate its effect on American society and economy.
- Explain how Reagan’s Soviet strategy helped end the Cold War.
- Characterize the social and economic issues and innovations that emerged during the 1980s.
- Appraise the impact of the end of the cold war and the efforts of President George H. W. Bush to create a post–cold war foreign policy.
- Describe the major population trends (demographics) in the United States during the 21st century, and assess their impact on the nation’s politics.
- Evaluate the accomplishments and setbacks of Bill Clinton’s presidency.
- Summarize the impact of global terrorism on the United States during the Presidency of George W. Bush, and evaluate the effectiveness of his “war on terror.”
- Assess the issues and developments during Bush’s second term that helped lead to Barack Obama’s historic victory in the 2008 presidential election.
- Identify President Obama’s priorities at home and abroad, and assess his efforts to pursue them.
- Explain the factors that led to Donald Trump's unexpected presidential nomination and election and assess Trump's presidency.
- Assess the impact of the Black Lives Matter movement and the Covid-19 pandemic on American society and on the 2020 Presidential election.
- Describe the steps and their effectiveness taken by the Joe Biden administration to confront the COVID-19 pandemic.